If you’re experiencing congestion, a runny nose, itchy eyes,
or have difficulty breathing, you’re not alone. About 20% of people of all ages
have hay fever, which is an allergic reaction to pollen that involves the nose,
and about 8% have asthma.
Common causes of allergic rhinitis are pollens, insects,
animals, and molds. The first course of treatment is to avoid whatever is
triggering allergy symptoms:
- Check the pollen counts and stay inside on bad
- Use a HEPA filter at home.
- Keep home and car windows shut on high pollen
- Vacuum frequently.
- Shower and rinse your eyes and nose after
spending time outdoors. Pollen sticks to hair and clothes.
- Use dust mite barriers on bedding and furniture.
- Keep home humidity levels between 30 and 50
percent. Monitors are available at hardware stores. Avoid humidifiers that can
make the problem worse.
- Avoid dogs, cats, rodents, birds and ferrets,
which all may trigger allergy symptoms, until you know which animal is the
source of your symptoms.
- Keep the animal away from allergic people or
confined to (or from) certain rooms.
- Vacuum using a cleaner with a HEPA filter.
If symptoms are persistent despite taking over-the-counter
remedies like antihistamines, you might need to see a doctor. Your doctor may
be able to help you identify the source of your allergies and help you improve
avoidance of the source by better understanding the pattern of your
symptoms. You might be prescribed an
additional medication including a nasal spray or eye drops to alleviate the
Allergy testing is rarely necessary unless you plan on
moving away from the pollens, eliminating an animal from your environment, or
need immunotherapy (allergy shots). Most
Premera health plans offer coverage for tests when medically necessary. Talk to
your primary care doctor if you have concerns.
Get care now
If your plan covers Teladoc® services, you can get allergies
diagnosed without leaving home. Visit Teladoc or open your Premera mobile app to get started. Teladoc doctors can also
diagnose skin reactions.